Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a solution-focused, evidence-based treatment approach that emphasizes changing behavior through applying specific skills. It is a short-term and goal-oriented therapy. CBT was developed by Dr. Aaron Beck in the 1960s and has been researched extensively. It is the most widely used therapy for treating psychiatric disorders. CBT focuses on how cognitions, emotions, and behavior are related and how changing the way a situation is mentally evaluated can change the behavioral reaction. It can also be applied by initially implementing behavioral changes which will lead to an eventual change in cognitive processes.
In CBT, the therapist and the client work in collaboration to identify and solve specific problems that have prevented the client from effective functioning. According to the Beck Institute, CBT has been found to be effective in more than 1,000 outcome studies for a myriad of psychiatric disorders, including depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse disorders, and personality disorders.